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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America, located to the north of the hostile Gilead and to the east of the Anchorage Government.

Geography Edit

Canada occupies much of North America, sharing land borders with Gilead to the south, and the state of Alaska, which is still controlled by the rump United States government, to the northwest.

Since Gilead may be a "rump state" consisting of the eastern seaboard and Rust Belt states of the USA, there's a possibility that Gilead's land borders with Canada are limited to three Canadian provinces - Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick (The limitation of Gilead's borders at three Canadian provinces would be confirmed in the Season 2 finale with the map of Gilead's sharing it's borders with Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick in the east while rebel forces control America's borders with Canada in the west).

Government and society Edit

Canada apparently remains a constitutional democracy and also still remains a British Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II still head of state. Following the fall of the mainland United States to the autocratic Gilead. Canada maintains a free press that has interviewed Americans who have escaped from Gilead.[1]

The United States government-in-exile still maintains a consulate in the city of Toronto, which is also home to a sizable American refugee population in the "Little America" quarter.[2] The Canadian Armed Forces has also been active in assisting the rump United States in its war with Gilead with news reports of Canadian and British Army units taking up positions on the Canada-Gilead border.

Government officials Edit

Foreign relations Edit

Canada at present maintains an uneasy peace with the Republic of Gilead, but does not recognise it as a legitimate regime and is shown to still have close ties to what remains of the United States government owing to the presence of a U.S. Consulate in Toronto, the large amount of American refugees present in the country and the government's extreme unease with even token dealings with Gilead.


Refugees in Canada
In the episode "Smart Power", Commander Fred and Serena Joy Waterford travel to Canada as part of an attempt at establishing trade between the two countries, both to get desperately needed supplies and seeking legitimisation as a country. Fred also wishes to discuss the possibility of having "illegal migrants", those who fled Gilead, returned to the country as Gilead's population is stagnating. Despite resistance from the U.S. Consulate and hundreds of refugees, the Canadians reluctantly agree to host the two. However, the delegation sent to receive them treats the couple with barely-disguised contempt and disgust and is also largely composed of individuals who would never occupy such positions in Gilead, possibly intended as a dig at Gilead's totalitarian strictures. In particular, Kevin McConnell notes that he and his husband greatly enjoyed visiting the former United States before it was forcibly converted into Gilead, which prohibits same-sex marriages and executes homosexuals, and coldly refutes Fred's awkward remark that he hopes they will visit. Serena is treated coldly by the female delegates and is given an itinerary composed of pictures instead of words, another dig at how Gilead refuses to allow women to read. She is also given an attache, Genevieve, who acts as her chaperone whilst Fred talks with the other delegates and is informed by her that she is very much a workaholic but enjoys reading as a past time, again another jab at Gilead where women cannot be employed.

Diplomatic relations are then severed entirely when a series of letters written by Handmaids and other women are released to the Canadian public, who react with unrestrained outrage. A massive protest composed of both Canadian citizens and American refugees gathers outside the hotel where the Waterfords are staying and the delegation immediately calls off all further negotiations, with McConnell specifically telling the Waterfords that they are no longer welcome in Canada. Fred attempts to dismiss the letters as slander, but Stuart Williston firmly retorts that Canada "believe[s] the women" and orders them to leave, for which he is insulted by Fred as he walks past. Serena is then accosted by Claudine Fournier, the fourth member of the delegation, who regards her with a mixture of pity and contempt for what Gilead has done to her and asks how she can possibly live with herself after what she's done. The Waterfords then depart Canada under a hail of protests and insults.

Though the previous negotiations fell through, Gilead is attempting to pressure Canada into returning all of its refugees, particularly June Osborne's second daughter, Nichole Osborne. Canada's response is still unclear, but it is mentioned that they do not want to provoke Gilead in a way that puts Canadian citizens and American refugees at risk, since Gilead is quite strong militarily. Initially, it appears that Canada is willing to consider the extradition of Nichole Osborne, as Kevin McConnell states that June Osborne "surrendered her rights" as a mother. However, Canada's supposed willingness to negotiate is likely to have been a ruse, as Fred Waterford was arrested upon returning to Canada in order to personally negotiate the extradition of their forcibly adopted daughter while Serena Waterford was detained as part of an immunity agreement for her part in her husband's arrest. It is now likely that the agreement was voided and the extradition talks regarding Nichole were permanently ceased upon Serena's own arrest on the serious charges of sexual slavery and rape.

Canada caves into Gilead's request to return Nicole, but when it is agreed, Nicole disappears from them - raised by adoptive parents Neil and Melanie as a girl called Daisy. Aunt Lydia makes Nicole a legend in Gilead as a sign of Canada's godlessness and to show that betrayal can happen within Gilead itself. Meanwhile, anti-Gilead activists use Nicole as a sign of liberation and freedom from Gilead. The Pearl Girls also begin entering Canada, young female missionaries from Gilead who try and recruit foreign women through any means necessary.

Open anti-Gilead protests are commonplace. Nearly twenty years after Gilead comes to power, the Survivors of Gilead National Homelands Genocide and Sanctu-Care give open speeches in Toronto.

Canada's other foreign relations remain largely unknown, though they do have friendly relations with at least one other Commonwealth member, the United Kingdom. Both Canadian and British forces have been mentioned to be taking up positions on the border between Canada and Gilead, hinting at a military alliance between them and the remnants of the US Army for the purposes of moving against Gilead.

Military Edit

The Canadian Armed Forces is mentioned to be involved with training exercises with the British military along the border. They are firmly allied with the Anchorage government, as shown when the Canadian Army performs an arrest in conjunction with American agents on the Waterfords at the Canadian border.

The show depicts the Canadian Army with accurate uniforms and weapons, including CADPAT fatigues, Colt Canada C7A2 assault rifles, and Browning Hi-Power pistols.

References Edit

  1. In Episode 4, "Nolite Te Bastardes Carborundorum," it is mentioned that an Aunt from the red center in Needham (a suburb of Boston) escaped to Canada and gave an interview about the handmaid program to the Toronto Star.
  2. Episode 7, "The Other Side."
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